Copyright’s definition lies as simple as that It refers to rights to copy. It outlines the legal rights of the owner of intellectual property. The person who holds the copyright to work, for example, the lyrics to a song or an original drawing is the only one who can copy the work or give permission to another person for copying it. Additionally, in addition to being capable of transferring copies of their rights, license, or utilizing it to raise funds Copyright holders can be able to collect royalties from others who make use of their copyrighted work.
Copyright Law applies to a wide spectrum of intellectual property which includes:
- Writings articles, books reviews, poems blogs, essays, plays films, and broadcasts
- Web page contents include text, images, images as well as the layout of the page
- Computer applications: Business as well as personal entertainment
- Motion images or audio such as movies, TV shows, and podcasts
- Music Music: Instruments and lyrics as recorded and performed
- Artistic works include drawings, paintings, sculptures, graphic designs maps, charts, and photography
- Architectural designs are original Designs for commercial, municipal, and residential structures bridges, highways, and tunnels
According to the U.S. Copyright Office Copyright doesn’t protect information concepts, ideas, systems, or operating techniques. To be considered copyrighted it must possess something tangible to express it.
How Copyrights Work
Copyright is distinct from other intellectual properties because it is created automatically by the person who creates a copyrightable piece of work that is a unique musical, dramatic, literary, or artistic work. There is no requirement to register an original work to ensure it is copyrighted. When the creator creates a unique work of art such as a painting the work of art, they automatically have copyright for the work that they create.
However, both U.S. and Canadian governments suggest that you register your copyright to give you additional protection. Copyright certificates can be utilized in legal court to prove proof of ownership, which makes your legal case more solid. The protection is even extended internationally, to a certain degree. In contrast to similar intellectual property rights like copyrights, they can be automatically applied to numerous countries that have copyright agreements between the U.S. and Canada. 1.
Copyright duration is different from country to. In Canada, the duration of copyright is the entire duration of the creator’s lifetime plus 50 years after the year years of the creator’s passing. For the United States and the United Kingdom, the copyright period is the lifetime of the creator, plus seventy years. 3
The most well-known copyright infringement case was Apple taking on Microsoft in 1988 following several versions in Microsoft’s Microsoft Windows operating system. Apple claimed that the graphic user interface (GUI) of the Macintosh operating system (OS) was protected under copyright. It also claimed that the similarity of certain aspects of Windows resulted in copyright infringement.
The case was further complicated the moment Xerox brought an action against Apple and claimed that Apple used elements from the Xerox GUI design to create Apple’s Macintosh OS. The court ruled against Apple’s claims on the following findings:
- Apple had licensed previously specific elements of the GUI style to Microsoft.
- Other components that comprise the GUI design are derived from Xerox (and are therefore not the original).
- It is possible that the “look and feel” of the GUI is not copyrighted. 4
This case bolsters that definition of copyright set in this case. The court decided that Apple was not able to claim copyright protection to concepts, but only for their specific expression. If you’re contemplating whether you should pursue authorization for your work or if you’re in danger of violating another’s copyright, start by looking at whether you’re dealing with tangible goods or work. If it is, then you’re taking a look at the details.
Penalties for Violating Copyright
The penalties for copyright violation are often severe, based upon the type of offense. They can result in penalties of between $150,000 and $150,000 for the U.S. and $1 million in Canada as well as legal and court costs. 5 Additionally all items that infringe copyright rights can be confiscated and the perpetrator could be sentenced to jail. Due to the severe penalties for copyright infringement, it’s essential to be aware of the laws governing copyright to ensure your rights and not infringe other people’s rights.