How to Calculate the Future Value of an Investment


Calculating the future price of investment is among the most basic calculations of finance. It lets you determine the worth of an investment in the near future. The calculation of future value is built on the fundamental idea of the value of time money, which means that one dollar in your pocket now is more valuable than a dollar that will be received in the future.

The potential value of a single amount of money is crucial for businesses since it permits calculations of return on investments.

If there is a need to make a decision to invest funds in a new venture like an acquisition or an equipment purchase that has an extended holding period it’s essential to know how to determine the possible profits or return you’ll earn.

What Is the Future Value of an Investment?

The value that will be in the future for the sum of money can allow a small business owner to analyze the investment by evaluating the current interest rate and the duration the investment will be held for.

For instance, you put $100 into the bank, and the bank will apply interest to your deposit each quarter. As long as you keep your deposit on deposit, the $100 will grow in the future based on the rate of interest on your deposit and the length of the loan.

Instead, an owner of a business makes a deposit into a bank account and later makes a periodic payment on a regular basis These payments are referred to as the ordinary annuity.

How Do You Calculate the Future Value?

There are three ways you can apply to calculate your potential value for an investment in the future. The first method is to utilize an equation. The two other methods are dependent on the equation because it is the foundation for the concept of the time value of money.

Utilizing the future value formula:

PV is the present value of the investment or the initial value

FV is the value that will be realized of the investment following t or the time the deposit is put into

I = the amount of interest earned from the investment

t is the amount of time in months that the deposit is in place

Here’s an example using the formula for future value:

FV = ( $100 + $5 ), or $105

If you make a deposit of $100 at the end of a year, with an rate of interest of 5%, and the length of time is 1 year, you can calculate the formula like this:

“The future value (FV) at the end of one year equals the present value ($100) plus the value of the interest at the specified interest rate (5% of $100 or $5).”

How Future Value Works

To figure out the worth that you have invested at conclusion 2 years modify calculations to incorporate an exponent corresponding to two different periods:

FV = $100 ( 1 + 0.05 )2 = $110.25

The continuance periods let that you keep the calculation going for the amount of time you have to calculate.

Future Value Using a Financial Calculator

In addition, you can apply this formula on any calculator with one of the functions that is exponential. 2 However using the financial calculator is superior because it comes with keys for the four variables that you’ll be using thus speeding the process and decreasing the possibility of errors. The keystrokes you’ll need to hit:

  • Press N and 2 (for 2 years’ period of holding)
  • Click the buttons I/YR as well as 5. (for an interest rate of 5percent)
  • Use the press to press PV or +105 (for what amount of money we’re using to calculate interest in the year 2.)

Be aware that you must to set the present value in negative form so you can accurately determine positive cash flows in the future. If you do not include the minus sign, your future value will appear as a negative value.

Print to PMT in addition to the PMT (there aren’t any other payment beyond the first

Click FV to return the correct amount of $110.25

Future Value Using a Spreadsheet

Spreadsheets, including Microsoft Excel, are well-suited to calculate the time value of money issues. The method we employ to determine the value in the future for an investment, or lump sum in the Excel sheet is

“Rate” refers to the rate of interest “rate” is the interest rate, “nper” is the number of times, “pmt” is the amount of the installment (if any) and remains identical throughout the lifetime of the loan), “pv” is the present value as is the present value, and “type” is when the payment is due. The value of the due date is either one (beginning each month) or zero (end of the month).).

To utilize the function within the worksheet, just click the cell in which you would like the formula to be entered. Enter the formula below, and hit enter.


The amount you should receive is $105.

Limitations of Future Value

Future value calculations represent estimates for the worth of an investment that is to be made in the near future. There are certain instances when the future value calculations could be misleading.

  1. If interest rates are changing quickly, the future value might not provide a precise answer as it’s only affected by changes in interest rates in the event that they stay constant during the specified timeframe.
  2. In an environment of economic inflation, the buying power of the future flow of cash is diminishing. In this situation, forecast value estimates are merely approximate estimates. 
  3. If values of currency fluctuate the future value calculation may be inaccurate and not reflect the real amount of money invested.
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